By Sidney Ochs
Sidney Ochs starts off his survey with a chronological examine the heritage of nerves from the 5th century B.C. to the early eighteenth century to illustrate the advance of our wisdom of the molecular mechanisms of neuronal functionality. Ochs then adopts a thematic method, contemplating key themes from the eighteenth century to the current. the quantity will function a useful source for historians of neuroscience and medication, philosophers of technology and drugs, and neuroscientists.
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Extra resources for A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms
One stretches back to the cerebellum, and if you extend a probe or spatula through it you will realize that it ends in the posterior ventricle. . The aforesaid passage [later termed the aqueduct of Sylvius] which extends from the middle [3rd] to the posterior [4th] ventricle and is situated between these nates [inferior quadrigeminal bodies]. . A certain small part of the brain, which has an outline similar to the shape of the worm found in wood [vermis of the cerebellum], lies upon it. 22 The ﬂow of animal spirits between the ventricles was assumed to be controlled by “the vermiform process [vermis inferior] .
The superior laryngeal nerves innervate the upper muscles of the larynx. The recurrent laryngeal nerve of the right side runs under the innominate vessel to innervate the lower part of the muscle; the recurrent nerve of the left side runs under the aorta to innervate the muscle. PULM, pulmonary; SUP, superior. From (Singer, 1925), Figure 29. the site of a dislocation or fracture, a pulley arrangement served to pull the bones away from the site to reduce it. Perhaps this alternate mechanical model of Galen represents some lingering identiﬁcation of nerves with tendons.
The nature of the sensory channels, however, was not spelled out by Theophrastus. C. that the nature of nerves is clearly differentiated from blood vessels and tendons. 82 83 84 (Lindberg, 1976). This can be observed by exerting a relatively light pressure to the side of the eyeball through the closed eyelids. Additional evidence is the appearance of a light shining out from the tapetum of animal eyes, as seen in cat eyes at dusk. (Lindberg, 1976), p. 9. 85 (Stratton, 1917). 86 (Solmsen, 1961).